Copenhagen is the capital of Denmark and its most populous city, situated on the eastern coast of Zealand and stretches across parts of Amager. A number of bridges and tunnels connect the parts of the city together and the cityscape is characterized by promenades and waterfronts.
The oldest section of Copenhagen's inner city is often referred to as "Middelalderbyen" which means the Medieval City. However, the most distinctive district of Copenhagen is Frederiksstaden developed during the reign of Frederick V. It has Amalienborg palace at its centre and is dominated by the dome of Frederik's Church (The Marble Church) and several elegant 18th century rococo mansions. The old inner city of Copenhagen includes the small island of Slotsholmen with Christiansborg Palace and Christianshavn.
Sometimes referred to as "the City of Spires", Copenhagen is known for its horizontal skyline, only broken by spires at churches and castles. Most characteristic is the baroque spire of Church of Our Saviour with its spiralling and narrowing external stairs that visitors can climb to the very top of the spire. Other important spires are those of Christiansborg Palace, the City Hall and the former Church of St. Nikolaj that now houses a modern art venue.